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Pruning is the process of removing portions of the foliage, twigs and branches, or roots that make up a tree or shrub used for bonsai.

Pruning can be accomplished with bonsai shears or special tools like concave cutters. Pruning can be used to make a tree conform to a bonsai artist's design plan, or it can be intended to help meet the tree's horticultural needs, for ventilation and light. Pruning can help promote backbudding. Pruning can help to rejuvenate a tree, in particular the periodic pruning of the root system when trees are repotted creates a more efficient network of feeder roots.

See Also

Root pruning
Trunk chop
Understanding Pruning by Brent Walston
Pruning and Pinching by Brent Walston

Types of Pruning
Pruning | Drastic pruning | Defoliation |Pinching | Trunk chop | Thinning | Trimming | Root pruning | Root trimming | Decandling
Tools for Pruning
Concave cutters | Shears | Thinning shears | Decandling shears | Leaf trimmers | Scythe | Root cutters | Branch cutters | Spherical cutters | Knob cutters