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File:Sm nat ramification.jpg
Ramification of the branches of a mature deciduous tree

Ramification is the division of branches or roots of a bonsai into successively finer structures, creating a pleasing network of coarse-to-fine development.

Ramification is developed over time in bonsai by pruning of twigs and branches to remove those elements that are too coarse, or conflict with the design. Ramification reflects the health and care a bonsai has received.

Defoliation and Pinching are techniques used to build ramification.

Ramification Terms
Ramification | Trunk | Primary branch | Secondary branch | Tertiary branch | Branch | Twig | Canopy | Silhouette
Detail wiring | Defoliation | Pinching